Repository of Useful Scales

Under construction. Please pardon our in-progress look, and check back later again for an updated list of useful scales.

Here you will find a list of scales and measures that could be useful in measuring outcomes in RCCs and studies. Below, the items have been grouped by the constructs they measure. You can open a PDF containing the full items and scoring of each measure by clicking on the link in the “Items” column.

Note: This list is still a work in progress, so any blank spaces currently in the tables will be filled in at a later time. We will also be adding more scales and measures over time.


Recovery Specific Constructs  

Name # Items Items
Substance Use Recovery Evaluator (SURE) 26 (Neale et al., 2016)
Brief Assessment of Recovery Capital (BARC-10) 10 (Vilsaint et al., 2017)
Assessment of Recovery Capital (ARC) 50
Recovery Progression Measure (RPM) 36 (Elison et al., 2016)


Evaluation of Services  

Name # Items Items
Client Satisfaction Questionnaire (CSQ) 8 (Larsen, 1979)
Client Evaluation of Self and Treatment (CEST) 130 (Institute of Behavioral Research, 2005)
Social Support Subscale of Client Evaluation of Self and Treatment (CEST-SS) 9 (Institute of Behavioral Research, 2005)
Utilization of Recovery-Oriented Services 4


Quality of Life  

Name # Items Items
EUROHIS-QOL 8 (Schmidt et al., 2006)
Quality of Life (WHOQOL)-BREF


Emotional Well-Being  

Name # Items Items
Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWL) 5 (Diener et al., 1985)
Single-Item Self-Esteem Scale 1 (Robins et al., 2001)
Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS) 4 (Lyubomirsky & Lepper, 1999)
Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) 10 (Rosenberg, 1965)



Name # Items Items
PERMA Profiler 23 (Butler & Kern, 2016)
Flourishing Measure (FM) (VanderWeele, 2017)
Flourishing Scale (FS) (Diener et al., 2010)
Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS) 14 (Snaith et al., 1995)
State Optimism Measure (SOM) 7 (Millstein et al., 2019)
Brief State Optimism Measure (B-SOM) 2 (Millstein et al., 2019)



Name # Items Items
Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) 5 (Smith et al., 2008)
Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) 10 (Cohen, 1983)


Substance Use  

Name # Items Items
Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test – Consumption (AUDIT-C) (Bradley et al., 2007)
Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test – 10-Item Measure (AUDIT 10) 10
Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST-10) 10 (Bohn et al., 1991)


Physical Health

Name # Items Items
Rand Health Survey (SF-36) 36 (Hays & Shapiro, 1992; Stewart et al., 1992)


Mechanisms of Behavior Change  

Name # Items Items
Alcohol Abstinence Self-Efficacy 12-Item (AASE) 12
Alcohol Abstinence Self-Efficacy 20-Item (AASE) 20



Name # Items Items
Center of Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D-10) 10 (Andresen et al., 1994)
Generalized Anxiety Disorder Screener (GAD-7) 7 (Spitzer et al., 2006 & Löwe et al., 2008)


If you would like a list of all scales with full APA references, please open the document titled “Repository of Scales“. This list is being continually updated, so check back later for more scales!

If you would like more information on any of the listed scales, please email


Repository of Scales

Substance Use Recovery Evaluator (SURE)

Brief Assessment of Recovery Capital (BARC-10)

Recovery Progression Measure (RPM)

Client Satisfaction Questionnaire (CSQ)

Client Evaluation of Self and Treatment (CEST)

Social Support Subscale of Client Evaluation of Self and Treatment (CEST-SS)


Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWL)

Single-Item Self-Esteem Scale

Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS)

Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES)

PERMA Profiler

Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS)

State Optimism Measure (SOM)

Brief State Optimism Measure (B-SOM)

Brief Resilience Scale (BRS)

Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10)

Center of Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D-10)

Generalized Anxiety Disorder Screener (GAD-7)

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