Repository of Useful Scales

Here you will find a list of scales and measures that could be useful in measuring outcomes in RCCs and studies. Below, the items have been grouped by the counstructs they measure. You can open a PDF containing the full items and scoring of each measure by clicking on the link in the “Items” column.

Note: This list is still a work in progress, so any blank spaces currently in the tables will be filled in at a later time. We will also be adding more scales and measures over time.

If you would like more information on any of the listed scales, please email recoveryseminars@mgh.harvard.edu

 

Recovery Specific Constructs  

Name # Items Items
Substance Use Recovery Evaluator (SURE) 26 (Neale et al., 2016)
Brief Assessment of Recovery Capital (BARC-10) 10 (Vilsaint et al., 2017)
Assessment of Recovery Capital (ARC) 50 (Groshkova et al., 2013)
Recovery Progression Measure (RPM) 36 (Elison et al., 2016)

 

Evaluation of Services  

Name # Items Items
Client Satisfaction Questionnaire (CSQ) 8 (Larsen, 1979)
Client Evaluation of Self and Treatment (CEST) 130 (Institute of Behavioral Research, 2005)
Social Support Subscale of Client Evaluation of Self and Treatment (CEST-SS) 9 (Institute of Behavioral Research, 2005)
Utilization of Recovery-Oriented Services 1 Recovery-Oriented Service Items
Group Cohesion Measure 11 Group Cohesion Items

 

Quality of Life  

Name # Items Items
EUROHIS-QOL 8 (Schmidt et al., 2006)
Quality of Life (WHOQOL)-BREF 26 (WHOQOL Group, 1998)

 

Emotional Well-Being  

Name # Items Items
Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWL) 5 (Diener et al., 1985)
Single-Item Self-Esteem Scale 1 (Robins et al., 2001)
Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS) 4 (Lyubomirsky & Lepper, 1999)
Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) 10 (Rosenberg, 1965)

 

Flourishing  

Name # Items Items
PERMA Profiler 23 (Butler & Kern, 2016)
Flourish Measure (FM) 6 (VanderWeele, 2017)
Flourishing Scale (FS) 8 (Diener et al., 2010)
Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS) 14 (Snaith et al., 1995)
State Optimism Measure (SOM) 7 (Millstein et al., 2019)
Brief State Optimism Measure (B-SOM) 2 B-SOM Items

 

Mechanisms of Behavior Change  

Name # Items Items
Alcohol Abstinence Self-Efficacy 12-Item (AASE-12) 12 (McKiernan et al., 2011)
Alcohol Abstinence Self-Efficacy 20-Item (AASE-20) 20 (DiClemente et al., 1994)

 

Resilience  

Name # Items Items
Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) 5 (Smith et al., 2008)

 

Anxiety and Depression  

Name # Items Items
Center of Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D-10) 10 (Andresen et al., 1994)
Generalized Anxiety Disorder Screener (GAD-7) 7 (Spitzer et al., 2006 & Löwe et al., 2008)
Personal Health Questionnaire – 4 items (PHQ-4) 4 (Kroenke et al,. 2009)
Personal Health Questionnaire – 8 items (PHQ-8) 8 (Kroenke et al,. 2009)

 

Medication-Assisted Treatment  

Name # Items Items
The Attitudes Toward MAT Scale 36 (Cavazos-Rehg et al., 2018)

 

Substance Use  

Name # Items Items
Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test – Consumption (AUDIT-C) 3 (Bradley et al., 2007)
Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test – 10-item measure (AUDIT 10) 10 (Bohn et al., 1995)
Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST-10) 10 (Skinner, 1982)

 

Physical Health  

Name # Items Items
Rand Health Survey (SF-36) 36 (Hays et al., 1993)

 

Stress  

Name # Items Items
Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) 10 (Cohen, 1983)
Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-4) 4 (Cohen, 1983)

 

Additional Scales and Measures    

These scales are not directly relevant to RCCs, but are still useful in the study of substance use and recovery.

Name # Items Items
Timeline Follow-Back (Form 90) 58 (Miller, 1996)
Barriers to Retention in Substance Use Treatment 19 (Zemore et al., 2021)

 

Please find the full list of scales, in order of appearance on this page, below:

 

Substance Use Recovery Evaluator (SURE)

Brief Assessment of Recovery Capital (BARC-10)

Assessment of Recovery Capital (ARC)

Recovery Progression Measure (RPM)

Client Satisfaction Questionnaire (CSQ)

Client Evaluation of Self and Treatment (CEST)

Social Support Subscale of Client Evaluation of Self and Treatment (CEST-SS)

Utilization of Recovery-Oriented Services

Group Cohesion Measure

EUROHIS-QOL

Quality of Life (WHOQOL)-BREF

Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWL)

Single-Item Self-Esteem Scale

Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS)

Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES)

PERMA Profiler

Flourish Measure (FM)

Flourishing Scale (FS)

Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS)

State Optimism Measure (SOM)

Brief State Optimism Measure (B-SOM)

Alcohol Abstinence Self-Efficacy 12-Item (AASE-12)

Alcohol Abstinence Self-Efficacy 20-Item (AASE-20)

Brief Resilience Scale (BRS)

Center of Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D-10)

Generalized Anxiety Disorder Screener (GAD-7)

Personal Health Questionnaire – 4 items (PHQ-4)

Personal Health Questionnaire – 8 items (PHQ-8)

The Attitudes Toward MAT Scale

Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test – Consumption (AUDIT-C)

Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test – 10-item measure (AUDIT 10)

Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST-10)

Rand Health Survey (SF-36)

Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10)

Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-4)

Timeline Follow-Back (Form 90)

Barriers to Retention in Substance Use Treatment

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